When you look up from your own phone, you probably notice everyone else looking down at theirs. Plenty of people have noticed how constant attention to our phones isolates us. The real world, with its interesting sights and potential social connections, passes us by as we’re lost in a digital world. What’s less appreciated is why we get lost in these devices.

A standard explanation is that they’re designed that way. We constantly check our social media or waste time swiping through dating apps because these actions provide just enough dopamine to keep us coming back. According to this explanation…

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